If we narrow our focus to the ancient Egyptians, and their origins, we come up against another great controversy. Did they have their genetic descent from Black Africans, or did their ancestors come from other regions?

Marcus Garvey set forth his belief that the origins were in Black Africa.

The paper was in modern style, and quoted recent anthropological articles to support its thesis. Then I discovered that Marcus Garvey has been dead for more than sixty years. He was born August 17, 1887 at St. Ann's Bay, north coast of Jamaica. He died the June 10, 1940, London, England. He could not be the author of the articles; someone else was writing in his name.

Refer to discussions by Richard Poe:


"My book Black Spark, White Fire points out that the ancient Egyptians were a mixed people, at least partly black, a fact which no anthropologist disputes. According to the one-drop rule favored in America, partly black means black."

Unfortunately Mr. Poe does not distinguish between the Badarians of 6,000 BC and King Tut of 1300 BC, long after interbreeding with black Africans began to influence the genetic seed of the Pharaohs.

asks the question: What Race were the Ancient Egyptians?

The idea that the Ancient Egyptians in general (and their aristocracy in particular), were predominantly black-skinned, woolly-haired, essentially African people, was vigorously promoted by the Senegalese scholar, Cheikh Anta Diop (1923-1986). He was the foremost proponent of a series of doctrines and beliefs that have subsequently become known as "Afrocentrism." See S. Howe, Afrocentrism: Mythical Pasts and Imagined Homes, Verso Books, London, 1998. One of Diop's numerous claims, was that Ramesses II was Negroid, and that this "fact" could be proved easily. Thus, Diop remarked:

"the Egyptians were Blacks of the type of all the native people of tropical Africa. That is particularly true when it concerns Ramses II, his father Seti I and Thutmose III."

See C. A. Diop, The African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality?, Westport, Lawrence Hill, (M. Cook, trans), 1974.

The evidence is clear for the earliest inhabitants of the Nile Valley, post 6,000 BC. They were white-skinned, blond, red, and brown-headed people with blue and hazel eyes. Refer to my discussion on the geological upheavals that conditioned the earliest traceable inhabitation that gave Egypt its unique character.

The early Egyptians were a highly tolerant people. They welcomed other people into their midst. Gradually, during the course of their history and interbreeding, they became a more polyglot biological stock, while retaining the historical, social, and religious traditions that derived from the earliest inhabitants.

In this paper and the following I shall present photographic evidence. This is the optimum method for everyone to assess for himself the nature of Egyptian human biology.

I offer brief discussion.

King Tutankhamun


This is a photograph of the gold covering of King Tut's mummy case. It is one of the finest artistic renderings of Egypt. Although idealistic and not in profile, it shows the king's Black features. I could have presented a full color rendition but this photograph captures the fine details of the artwork.

Tutankhamun's father, Akhenaton, was the famous king who tried to reform the administration and religious life of the Egyptians. But his efforts did not outlast his life. After his death the priests and scribes, the backbone of Egyptian society, quickly reverted to the old forms.

We believe Tutankhamun ruled Egypt between 1334 and 1325 BC.  He was probably the 12th ruler of Egypt's 18th Dynasty.

In spite of the golden splendor of his mummy case and the artifacts of his tomb, he was a minor king who died before he reached the age of twenty. Hence he could have ruled Egypt only as an immature boy. His reign probably was managed by his mother or aunts. Great controversy surrounds the cause of this death.

The two panels below were part of the decoration on the back of the golden throne chair buried with the king. The left panel shows an image of the king; the right panel that of his wife Ankhesenpaaten. Note their dark skin coloring, similar to what we find in American Blacks and other countries where the color has been reduced from darker shades by breeding with White people. A person with this skin tone is often called mulatto, derived from the Spanish word for mule.

Note also that their features display a mix of racial stocks, similar to what we see where Blacks mix with other races.

The mother of King Tut probably was Kiya, whose likeness is captured in the sculpture shown in the photograph below. He may have obtained some of his racial features from her.


Akhenaton, The Father of King Tut

Akhenaton, King Tut's father, had remarkable body structure. I offer the following illustrations showing his large rounded hips, protruding stomach, and extremely narrow face.

Much debate surrounds the physical features of Akhenaton. Had he been afflicted by some disease? He bred children by different wives. Therefore, he seems to have had normal male functions.

The striking features found from the study of his statues and pictures, as well as his mummy (if it were truly his) were those of tall stature, unduly long limbs, elongated skull, long slender neck and long face with a huge mandible (lower jaw).

In addition, his feminine features included gynaecomastia (female-like breasts) and a wide pelvis with fat hips (the breadth of the pelvis exceeds that of the shoulders a characteristic feature of females).


Akhenaton also shows a propensity toward Black features. As part of that genetic makeup, he, his wife Kiya, and his son had thick lips. The color reproductions above of Tut and his wife show them with dark, not light colored eyes.

The center picture shows Akhenaton in praise of Ra, the Sun God. He is accompanied by his wife Nefertiti and their two children.

A photograph of the side of Akhenaton's statue shows more strikingly his racial genetic constitution.

The physical characteristics of King Tut were inherited. The golden statute of him below shows the unique family genetic features, with the male enlarged breasts. This is evidence that the unusual family physical traits were genetic, and not due to disease.